• Rockford, Ill.: Modernizing a Century–Old Community Landmark

  • RE3 Focus: Pennoni On Leading Edge of Sub-Slab Depressurization

  • Using GIS To Decipher Large-Scale Remediation Projects

  • Right Place, Right Time

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February 2003

Closing All the Factories Down
 
Environmental
Closing All the Factories Down

Well we're living here in Allentown And they're closing all the factories down Out in Bethlehem they're killing time Filling out forms Standing in line © Billy Joel  Photo courtesy of tvtropes.org Billy Joel’s anthem to factory workers who have lost their jobs in the steel mills of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania…Read more

Community Awareness
 
Environmental
Community Awareness

Event: The Northeast Midwest Institute publishes first report on brownfields, New Life for Old Buildings and hosts the first conference in Chicago for local government representatives and nonprofits on contaminated site reuse in 1992. Action: The report increases public awareness about brownfields and frames the issue for communities. Connection: This…Read more

Fire Sale
 
Environmental
Fire Sale

Event: Congress forms the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) in 1989 to replace the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC) to respond to the insolvencies of about 750 savings and loan associations. In 1995 its duties were transferred to the Savings Association Insurance Fund. Action: The RTC as a receiver…Read more


 
Environmental
Indicators 1978 to 2001

The brownfield market was shaped by political, economic and regulatory forces and the following economic data and CERCLA timeline are provided to give readers an overview of the economic and environmental regulatory climate during the market’s 25 year emergence. The data indicates that these were volatile economic times—reaching some of…Read more

 
Environmental
Involuntary Cleanup - 1983

Event: New Jersey passed the Environmental Cleanup Responsibility Act (ECRA) in 1983, which was the first state environmental disclosure and cleanup law. The Industrial Sites Recovery Act (ISRA) amended ECRA in 1993. Action: ECRA/ISRA requires owners or operators to disclose property information, identify chemical substances used in operations, investigate environmental…Read more

 
Environmental
Love Hurts

Event: A hazardous waste site in Love Canal, N.Y. focused public attention on the need to strengthen environmental laws that protect human health as grassroots community activists protested government inaction and industry’s denial of responsibility. Action: The state of New York evacuates and relocates families from 239 homes. In 1980,…Read more

 
Environmental
Love Reaction

Event: Citizen concern over the extent of uncontrolled and abandoned hazardous waste sites led Congress to establish the Superfund Program (CERCLA) in 1980 to locate, investigate, and clean up the nation’s worst sites. Action: Superfund forcibly brings environmental liability to the attention of the business community through retroactive, strict, and…Read more


 
Environmental
Outreach and Brownfield Redevelopment - Making the Community a Part of the Team

The ideal brownfield project or program is one in which both the community’s and the developer’s objectives are met—the win/win scenario. This is most easily accomplished when there is good communication between community stakeholders and those directly involved in redevelopment. In many cases community participation is required by law, particularly…Read more

 
Environmental
Pilot Goes to Ohio

Event: The U.S. EPA provides a $200,000 grant to Cuyahoga County. The Brownfields Initiative is launched to redevelop abandoned, idle, or underused industrial and commercial sites where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination. Action: The EPA established the first pilot project as a test to…Read more

 
Environmental
Setting the Standard

Event: The American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) E-50 Committee creates and makes publicly available the Phase I Site Assessment Standard—E-1527-00. Action: The document sets a national minimum level of investigation that would be accepted as a defense to the innocent landowner provision under CERCLA. Connection: This standard starts to…Read more

 
Environmental
States of Transition

As the elections of 2002 demonstrated, nothing in state government—as in life—is certain. The largest number of new governors in nearly 50 years—24—have taken office in 2003. This change in government is often referred to as the “transition” process. Staffs at many state agencies across the country are busy putting…Read more


 
Environmental
Summary

Overcoming Inertia 1993 is a natural spot to end Part I of our history of brownfields. The stage was set as political, social and economic forces aligned to bring about environmental change. Prior to 1993 the market was mainly reacting to events, but that era of reaction to environmental events…Read more

 
Environmental
The Banking Environment

Event: A court decision called Fleet Factors establishes legal precedent for lenders—financiers can be drawn into the chain of title and be made liable for environmental cleanup as a result of financing environmentally impaired properties where they had the capacity to influence management decisions. Action: Lender’s fear of liability becomes…Read more

 
Environmental
Voluntary Cleanup - 1988

Event: Minnesota adopts first Voluntary Investigation and Cleanup program (VIC). Action: Property owners can voluntarily enter their site into the state VIC program and through mutual negotiations agree to the level of cleanup that will be required for Minnesota to provide final cleanup approval. Connection: Other Midwestern and Northeastern states…Read more

 
Industrial Redevelopment
Industry Watch

EPA Clarifies Phase I Standards The EPA will clarify parts of recent amendments to CERCLA to answer questions about innocent landowner provisions and the interim Phase I standard set by Congress in the new brownfield law. The EPA says that “in the case of property purchased on or after May…Read more



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